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Man of Sorrows

By Dan Clendenin

For Sunday March 22, 2015
Fifth Sunday in Lent

Lectionary Readings (Revised Common Lectionary, Year B)

Jeremiah 31:31–34

Psalm 51:1–12 or Psalm 119:9–16

Hebrews 5:5–10

John 12:20–33

           During the Jewish feast of Passover, some Gentile pilgrims approached Philip with a request that the disciples must have fielded many times during Jesus's ministry. Had they traveled all the way to Jerusalem just to ask their question?

           "Sir, we would like to see Jesus."

           Philip relayed their request to Andrew, and together they told Jesus. But their query fizzles out and the story then takes a new turn. We never learn if the Gentile pilgrims got an audience with the one about whom they had heard so many rumors. Jesus ignored their question. He had darker things on his mind than the curiosity of the crowds.

           I wonder — was theirs an honest question? Were these pilgrims genuine seekers or mere gawkers? What did they hope to see or want to hear from Jesus?

Man of Sorrows by James Ensor, 1891.
Man of Sorrows by James Ensor, 1891.

           They never saw Jesus, but their question hangs in the air. I've asked it for forty years, in my own ways, and with my own motives. It sounds so simple. A straightforward request. But is it, really? Ever? Maybe it's one of those questions that asks more than I could ever realize. Perhaps it's an example of "be careful what you wish for."

           Do I really want the real Jesus? Which Jesus? And why?         

           The miracle worker who turned water to wine and raised Lazarus from the dead? The story teller whose parables simultaneously revealed and obscured? The political provocateur who debated Roman taxes but welcomed Roman tax collectors? The renegade rabbi who violated purity laws, broke the sabbath, embraced the sexually suspicious, ate with ethnic outsiders, and who profaned Israel's most sacred space, the temple?

           The Jesus of John's gospel for this week is a deeply disturbed man. "Now my soul is troubled," he says. But he never asks God to save him from his troubles. He says that his troubles are the very reason he came.

           "The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds. The person who loves his life will lose it, while the one who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am my servant will also be. My Father will honor the one who serves me."

           This saying of Jesus was so central to his mission and message that all four gospels include it (and twice in Luke).

           The epistle paints a similar picture of Jesus. Hebrews describes him as a person who was "subject to weakness." He was "tempted in every way, just as we are." He prayed his prayers to God "with loud cries and tears." This Jesus was despised and rejected, a man of sorrows who knew from experience the meaning of grief.

Man of Sorrows, anonymous, 19th century Spain.
Man of Sorrows, anonymous, 19th century Spain.

           This notion of a deeply disturbed Jesus who was tempted and tried like I am bothered some of his earliest followers. Upon hearing words like these, Peter was shocked: "Lord, this shall never happen to you."

           The second-century gnostics and docetics (from the Greek dokeo, "to seem or appear") argued that Jesus only "seemed" human. Surely he wasn't polluted by the trials and tribulations of our material existence! One Sunday in church I joked to a friend who's a historian that the baby Jesus never would have cried in the temple like the kid near us was wailing, to which she responded, "So, you're a docetist!"

           Similarly, Jesus's baptism in the Jordan river made some Christians nervous. In the non-canonical Gospel of the Hebrews (c. 80–150 AD), Jesus seems to get baptized to please his mother, not to repent for his sins like everyone else.

           This impulse to airbrush the humanity of Jesus remains with us today. The 1988 movie The Last Temptation of Christ portrays a deeply troubled Jesus. He confesses his sins, he fears insanity, he wonders if he's merely a man, and he anguishes over the people he didn't heal. In the "last" temptation of his execution, Jesus battles a hallucination sent by satan. He wonders what his life might have been like if he had chosen the path of an ordinary person. He fantasizes about marrying Mary Magdalene, growing old, and having kids.

           Many Christians were outraged by the movie. Blockbuster Video (remember them?!) even refused to carry it. What bothered people was the suggestion that Jesus was fully and truly human, that he was a person who experienced trials and temptations like I do — torment, doubt, loneliness, confusion, despair, erotic dreams, and, in his final hours, feeling abandoned by God.

           But in trying to protect a perfect Jesus from a genuine humanity, I do the opposite of what he himself says and does. Instead of insulating himself from us, he fully participates with us. Hebrews insists that Jesus was "tempted in every way, just as we are — yet was without sin."

The Sorrow of Christ, scuplture by K.C.S. Paniker (1911-1977).
The Sorrow of Christ, scuplture
by K.C.S. Paniker (1911–1977).

           Consequently, since Jesus was subject to all our own weaknesses, "he is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray."

           The troubled Jesus shows me the human face of a compassionate God. Instead of fearing a far off deity, says Hebrews, "let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in our time of need.”

           This has been a hard week in my neighborhood. I worshipped beside a parishioner who recently lost a child to a heroin overdose. That was a disconcertingly sacred experience. A friend was diagnosed with stage 3 melanoma. And yet another suicide at our high school — the third this school year. Can that even be true? What's wrong with us?

           "Sir, we would like to see Jesus."

           If I can't see Jesus the miracle worker — and I still pray for that, I take solace in the deeply disturbed Jesus. And in the reminder of the psalmist this week that "the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; / a broken and contrite heart, / O God, you will not despise."

Image credits: (1) Koninklijk Museum voor Shonen Kunsten Antwerpen; (2); and (3) Wandering4LoveofGod.

Copyright © 2001–2024 by Daniel B. Clendenin. All Rights Reserved.
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